Each culture has its own standards, rules, and policies regarding academic conduct or behavior. In the U.S., an individual is thought to own original ideas, words, and knowledge. This means that students must carefully give credit to the authors they cite. What is already written must be cited, including written sources in books, journal articles and the internet.
In the U.S., it is considered quite serious when academic conduct rules are not followed. Two common types of academic misconduct are plagiarism and cheating. Plagiarism is using the ideas and words of another person without giving proper credit to the author. Cheating can refer to many practices, but usually means using unauthorized sources or assistance on a test or in a paper or other assignment.